National Interest Exceptions Issued for U.S. Entry from COVID-19 Restricted Countries/Regions Are Now Valid for One Year and for Multiple Entries
In our May 2021 Immigration Alert, we reported that India was added to the list of COVID-19 restricted countries and regions, preventing nonimmigrant visa holders (e.g., B1/B2, H-1B, L-1, O-1, etc.) and those with Electronic System of Travel Authorization (“ESTA”) from traveling directly to the United States unless they first go to a third country not subject to COVID-19 restrictions and quarantine there for at least 14 days before entering the United States. The other countries and regions on the list include Brazil, China, Iran, Ireland, the Schengen Region, South Africa, and the United Kingdom. There is an exception, however, that allows direct U.S. entry, if a U.S. consulate or embassy located in the restricted country or region grants a National Interest Exception (“NIE”) waiver to the nonimmigrant visa holder. Initially, NIE waivers were valid for only 30 days from the date granted and for only one U.S. entry.
On July 6, 2021, the U.S. Department of State announced that new and previously issued NIE waivers are now valid (i) for 12 months from the NIE waiver’s approval date and (ii) for multiple U.S. entries, even if the waiver states that it can only be used for one-time entry.
A visa holder who received an NIE waiver through a U.S. consulate’s or embassy’s email should print that email waiver and present it with their unexpired visa and passport when entering or re-entering the United States. Those who had their NIE waiver stamped in their passport with their visa need only show their unexpired visa and their passport to return to the United States.
Please note that NIE waivers can be used only for the purpose for which they were granted. Thus, for example, a person who receives ESTA NIE waiver and who tries to use it to enter as an H-1B employee will not be allowed entry into the United States from COVID-19 restricted countries or regions because that waiver was for ESTA entries only. Therefore, the person would need to apply for a new NIE waiver for the H-1B visa.
Federal Judge in Texas Rules That DACA Violated the APA,
Preventing Approval of New DACA Applications
U.S. District Court Judge Andrew Hanen ruled on July 16, 2021, that the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (“DHS”) violated the Administrative Procedure Act (“APA”) when it implemented the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (“DACA”) program in 2012.
Judge Hanen found that DHS exceeded its power by not going through the APA’s required notice-and-comment rulemaking period. The court’s ruling allows DHS to continue to process DACA renewals and to accept new DACA applications; however, it prohibits the DHS from approving new applications.
On July 17, 2021, the Biden administration announced that it will appeal the decision and that it plans to issue proposed rules to bring DACA into conformance with the APA. Three days later, Tracy Renaud, Acting Director of U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (“USCIS”), stated that all individuals whose DACA requests were granted before July 16, 2021, “will continue to have and be eligible to renew DACA, and to request and receive advance parole.”
In summary, Judge Hanen’s decision affects only those individuals who have not applied for DACA and those whose applications remained undecided as of July 16, 2021.
EB-5 Regional Center Program Expired on June 30, 2021
On June 30, 2021, the EB-5 Regional Center Program expired, and Congress has yet to re-extend it. The EB-5 Regional Center Program allowed overseas investors to receive U.S. permanent residency if they had invested at least $500,000 in any Regional Center that would create at least 10 full-time U.S. workers in any Targeted Employment Area (“TEA”). In short, a TEA is a USCIS-designated area that has experienced unemployment at a level significantly above the national average. Unless Congress extends the EB-5 program, USCIS will (i) reject Forms I-924 and I-526 received on or after July 1, 2021, related to the Regional Center Program; (ii) not act on any pending petition or application on these forms; (iii) continue to accept and review the Form I-829, including those filed on or after July 1, 2021; and (iv) begin rejecting all Form I-485 Adjustment of Status applications and their associated EAD work permit (Form I-765) and Advance Parole travel permit (Form I-131) based on an approved Regional Center Form I-526. These forms are available here.
ICE Withdraws Proposed Regulations Intended to Fix
Time Periods for F, J, and Certain I Nonimmigrants
On July 6, 2021, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (“ICE”) withdrew its notice of proposed rulemaking published on September 25, 2020, that would have put fixed time periods on F, J, and certain I nonimmigrants, instead of the current “Duration of Status” designation.
DHS Announces Employment Authorization for Yemini F-1 Students
On July 9, 2021, DHS announced that due to severe economic hardship, it would grant employment authorization for Yemeni F-1 students. This DHS policy becomes effective on September 4, 2021, and will remain in effect through March 3, 2023.
TPS Extended for Somalia Nationals
DHS announced an 18-month extension and redesignation of Somalia for Temporary Protected Status (“TPS”), which will be effective beginning September 18, 2021, through March 17, 2023. During this period, Somalis given TPS status will have legal authorization to stay and work in the United States.
USCIS Extends Flexibility for
Responding to RFE and NOID Requests
On June 24, 2021, USCIS announced that, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the deadline for responses to any of the following requests for further information issued from March 1, 2020, through to September 30, 2021, would be extended 60 days from the due date shown on the notice:
- Requests for Evidence (“RFE”);
- Continuations to Request Evidence (N-14);
- Notices of Intent to Deny (“NOID”);
- Notices of Intent to Revoke;
- Notices of Intent to Rescind;
- Notices of Intent to Terminate regional centers; and
- Motions to Reopen an N-400 Pursuant to 8 CFR 335.5, Receipt of Derogatory Information After Grant.
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If you have any questions regarding this Alert or any other U.S. immigration issues, please contact Epstein Becker Green’s immigration team: