Employment Law This Week®: Transgender Case, “Labor Peace” Agreements, EEOC’s Pay Data Proposal, Parental Leave RequestsEpisode 40: Week of August 29, 2016 August 29, 2016
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This week’s stories include ...
(1) EEOC Loses Transgender Case in Michigan
Our top story: An employer wins a landmark case after firing a transgender employee. A funeral home in Michigan decided to terminate its director after he notified the business that he would be transitioning from male to female. The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) filed suit. On a motion to dismiss, a U.S. district court held that Title VII does not prohibit discrimination on the basis of transgender status or gender identity but allowed the EEOC to pursue a claim for sex stereotyping. The funeral home argued that it was protected under the Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA), and the district court agreed, granting the employer’s motion for summary judgment. Kate Rhodes, from Epstein Becker Green, has more.
“Once the employer is able to prove that they are entitled to a defense under the RFRA, the EEOC has a burden of not just establishing that the purpose of Title VII is a compelling government interest, but it also has to show that the means and application of Title VII was done in the least burdensome way possible. The EEOC failed to address this point in their briefing, and also failed to examine whether this was the least restrictive, or whether there was an alternative, way to enforce Title VII against this employer. . . . In order to be eligible to invoke the RFRA, an employer has to be a private, closely held corporation and cannot be a publicly traded corporation. Secondly, the RFRA can only be invoked if the party suing the employer is the government or a government agency. And third, if the employer is a government itself, they can’t invoke that they have a religion, and therefore the RFRA is not applicable.”
(2) New York City Mandates “Labor Peace” Agreements
New York City is trying to force certain employers to sign "labor peace" agreements with unions. Mayor Bill de Blasio has signed an executive order mandating that a property developer receiving at least $1 million in “Financial Assistance” require its large retail and food service tenants to accept “Labor Peace Agreements.” These agreements would prohibit the companies from opposing union organization and provide what some consider to be affirmative support and assistance to unions. City Development Projects that were authorized or received “Financial Assistance” before July 14, 2016, are exempt from this order.
For more on this story, click here: http://bit.ly/2bjZycV
(3) Lawmakers Urge Rejection of EEOC’s Pay Data Proposal
Senators ask for a halt to the EEOC’s pay data proposal. Three Republican senators have sent a letter to the Office of Management and Budget asking them to shut down a recent proposal from the EEOC. The proposal would expand pay data collection and require employers to categorize hours worked by sex, ethnicity, and race. The lawmakers argue that this kind of data collection would waste time and put significant new burdens on employers.
(4) Parental Leave Requests Increase as School Year Starts
Parental leave requests are on the rise as kids head back to school. An increasing number of states now require that businesses grant unpaid leave to employees for school-related events and activities that happen during the workday. These laws apply to private employers in Washington, D.C., and in such states as California and Massachusetts. As the school year begins, employers will likely see more requests for parental leave and should consider checking the laws in their states to make sure they’re in compliance.
(5) Tip of the Week
Finally, it’s time for our Tip of the Week. Ann Morris, Partner at Finn Partners, is here with some advice on developing a communications plan before a crisis.
“The best piece of advice I can give you for preparing for a crisis is to plan ahead. There are three key ways to plan ahead for a crisis. Number one, you’re going to want to designate your crisis team. Who do you want on your ‘A’ team in the event a crisis hits your business? This will include who might talk to the media if they’re at your doorstep, who might talk to employees wondering what’s going on, who might talk to important clients or customers, and do you have outside counsel ready and ready to go at a moment’s notice, whether that’s legal counsel or PR council. . . . The second key piece of preparation for a crisis is to develop an actual crisis communications plan to have on your shelf and ready to go at a moment’s notice. . . . The third thing I can recommend is to train and drill. I cannot emphasize enough how important it is to prepare and practice, practice, practice.”
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